EVERYTHING YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT NEEDLES
It uses to sew the fabric together with the help of a thread. The sewing needle is a hand-sewing needle tool. A sewing needle is a great tool which is in slender shaped with a pointed tip on one end and a hole or an eye at the other end of the needle.
In early ages, sewing needles manufactured by wood or bones. But in the modern era, sewing needles are made by steel, steel wire of high carbon, nickel or by 18k gold plated for protecting it from corrosion resistance. Embroidery needles which are the highest quality, they get plated with platinum and titanium alloy, which is one-third of it. Traditionally, needles have kept the store in needle cases or needle books; these things became the object of decoration.
In etui, sewing needles have kept the store in it. This is the type of box in which people keep all their tailoring materials such as scissors, threads, tweezers, measurement tape, etc. It is one of the primary and efficient objects in tailoring by which a tailor can sew the fabrics — needle works on thinnest to the thickest range of materials. But it is a dangerous object too. You should always be attentive and careful while working with a needle, it must look small in size, but it can harm you and gives you the pain bigger than its size.
Parts of a sewing needle
Sewing needle has different elements in it. You may wonder if there is any more part in sewing needle because they are already small in size then how can they have body parts too? Yes, sewing needles have body parts. Also, that is why it works efficiently and fulfill the demands of a user. It is a long slender shaped tool with a pointed tip on its one end, and a hole in it’s other, so on the side of the hole user can poke the thread and on the bottom of the point, the user can stitch the fabric. In early times, sewing needles made with bones, woods but in modern culture, they made with steel, high carbon, nickel and plated with gold, so it resists the corrosion resistance over the needle. It is used to make a hole in the fabric according to it and poke the thread inside the material without any piercing or damage and can stitch it well.
Body parts of a sewing needle
- But– it is in the conical shape which is at the end of the top of a needle, with the help of it the user can attach the needle with the needle bar or clamp
- Shank– Shank located in the middle of a needle bar, and it is on the top of the needle. One side of it can become either cylindrical or flat
- Shoulder– It is the section which lies in between the shank and the blade of the needle
- Blade– it is the longest part of the needle from the eye to shoulder. The module is responsible for the movement of fabric and needle amount.
- Long Groove– this is a perfect slot of a sewing needle from its eye to shoulder. The thread of the needle remains to stick with this part when the sewing needle goes up and down in the fabric
- Short Groove– It is the part of a sewing needle that lies towards the hook or looper. It helps to create a loop from a needle thread.
- Needle Eye– It located on one end of the sewing needle or the top of a sewing needle. Through the eye of a sewing needle, a thread can easily pass through it. It protects the sewing thread from damage during sewing. It also prevents the yarn from dropping
- Scarf– Scarf is the whole portion which lies above the needle, or it is a full face of a sewing needle above the eye. It assists the hook and looper to set a close setting of a sewing needle
- Point– it is the end or corner of a sewing needle; it is sharp and can make a hole in the fabric with its help.
- Tip– It is the end of a sewing needle
Sewing Machine Needles Sizes And Their Uses
There are different sizes of needles are available in the market and each needle has its different use. These are sizes are used on different types of clothes with various types of threads. The following are various sizes of needles.
60/8 – we use this needle for the most lightweight fabrics, like Organza, Georgette, Chiffon. Sharp needles are designed to have a sharp pointed edge on one corner of the needle. They have a narrow shaft and barbed point by which it can easily pierce any thick fabric such as woven fabrics. This needle is used to stitch smooth fabric, woven fabric, silk, microfiber fabrics, etc. as these needles are the perfect ideal for straight stitching, topstitching, edge stitching, etc.
65/9: We use these needles for synthetic and woven fabric but can’t apply for thick thread cloth like jeans.
70/10 – this size of the needle used for Lightweight polyester or Silk-like you would use on a light blouse. Ballpoint needle has a medium pointed tip which is more slightly rounder than the universal needle. It can easily pass through the fabric threads without piercing. This type of needle makes sure that it will not damage the fabric such as spandex, knit, and interlocks that can tear easily. It also ensures to make proper knits and stitches on a sensitive material.
75/11: We use this needle for jersey; Lycra, lightweight knits, highly flexible, faux suede and silk. These needles used with the help of serger. They have a sharp point, which is suitable for all kinds of fabrics. Choose the size of the needle as per the prescription from the serger manufacturer. This needle is designed to have a wire coil which is surrounded by the shaft, so when the needle goes into the fabric, it gets depressing, and when it raises from the material, it releases it. It is used on net cloth and velvet cloth.
80/12 – this size of needle Most Used for Cotton, Rayon, blends. These needles designed with wedge points, that ensures t sew leather fabric, suede fabric, vinyl, and thick fabrics and fabrics properly without any damage. When you use a leather needle, always keep your focus on sewing, as it can leave permanent holes in the material. Don’t use this needle on knit or woven fabrics because it’s point can cut the fabric. These needles are designed to have a giant eye than other styli, it also has a scarf which protects the thread from breaking. Use embroidery needle with acrylic, rayon or individual threads.
90/14: It is used for woven fabrics but may snag knits like Corduroy, raw Silks, bottom-weight fabric. These needles are designed to have a more giant eye than other styli, it also has a scarf which protects the thread from breaking. Use embroidery needle with acrylic, rayon or individual threads. These needles used my serger. They have a sharp point, which is suitable for all kinds of fabrics. Choose the size of the needle as per the prescription from the serger manufacturer.
100/16: It used for decorative and heirloom stitching as fine batiste and linen. But can’t apply for knit fabric, like Denim and Duck Cloth. These needles used for embroidery, freehand motion and monogramming. This needle is designed to have a wire coil which is surrounded by the shaft, so when the needle goes into the fabric, it gets depressing, and when it raises from the material, it releases it.
110/18: We used this needle forLeather, suede and thick nonwovens like Canvas or tapestry. Denim needles have dull, sharp and shaft point. Denim or Jeans needles are used to stitch denim fabric, canvas fabric, duck, and thick fabrics. These needles are designed to sew multiple layers of fabric without any breakage or damage. It is also used for shooting cloth.
120/19 – we used this needle for most substantial Fabrics, like boat canvas and luggage handles. Sharp needles are designed to have a sharp pointed edge on one corner of the needle. They have a narrow shaft and barbed point by which it can easily pierce any thick fabric such as woven fabrics. This needle is used to stitch smooth fabric, woven fabric, silk, microfiber fabrics, etc. as these needles are the perfect ideal for straight stitching, topstitching, edge stitching, etc.
130/ 21: it used for woven and knit fabrics, synthetic fabrics. This is used on heavy thick clothes like jeans.
180/24: we use this fabric for elastic and loose knit fabrics. It is not used for home sewing machine. It is used to stitch bags.
250/27: We use this needle to thick leather, cardboard, and synthetic cloth. This needle has D and Q point. Q point needle is used for hard material and bags seams.
16 Number Needle is a common needle and can be used for almost every type of cloths which can wear at home. So, this is the best needles for simple stitching. All home women and tailors use this number of the needle for daily wear stitching.
- Buying guide for needle
There are plenty of things which a person looks for while purchasing a sewing needle.
Consumers always have different demands while they purchase a sewing needle for tailoring. Some of them have personal needs, and some have professional application for a sewing needle. But we will let you some tips when you purchase a sewing needle.
Things which a customer should loom while purchase a sewing needle are below:
- Single needle
These needles designed so that they can have a straight point on one side and the other hand, they have a stop. These type of sewing needles you must watch on Tv. Single needles used to work on flat fabrics for back and forth. These needles can also easily find at your home as they are the normal one. Most of us buy this straight needle for the stitching because we only do straight stitching with such needles. Wooden needles (made from bamboo and birch needles) are less likely to dropped stitches. When knitting lace goes with a straight needle, it is known as lace tips.
- Double pointed needles
These needles to have a point on its both ends. So you can work from both or its purpose. It is a traditional way of knitting. It comes with the sets of three or four because you need them to work many times. They use to knit the items such as socks, sleeves, mittens
These needles are not user-friendly for beginners as it may harm them. It may drop your stitches because it is difficult for beginners to use it from both ends, but it may enhance your skills of stitching. Needles made from wooden or carbon-coated have fewer drop stitches as compared to the metal and plastic needles. Always buy a set of 5 double-pointed needles. So it can ease your work to complete it in due time. Tip protectors can use for a point by which you can use it as single point needle, and it also does not drop the stitches
Circular needles work like a workhorse. Users turned themselves to use circular needles as they are the most effective one, and they deliver the best results. Circular needles do not drop stitches and can work appropriately on the circular motion fabrics.
These needles are designed with two attached needles to combine with the nylon cord on its every end. These are the most versatile needles when you do straight stitching you can do with this, and it will also help you in circular stitches and zigzag stitches too. For lace knitting, go for sharp tip needles which are also known as lace tips. When you are knitting in the circular motion, the size of your needle is equal to or smaller to the circumference of your fabric project. Choose the needles which have smooth joins so your stitching will go without any snagging. Soft and fewer cliff cables are the best one for magic loop. If the user is allergic to nickel, then check the product before purchasing it
Always purchase a needle before reading all the contents of it. The needle should buy according to the fabric you are working. Sewing machine needles are painful to use, but once you start using them, you will become an expert in it. Check the size of the needle so that you can buy it and type because of needles with different models used for various fabrics.It can enhance your skills and traditional method too. Its functions also work well. It can use in domestic purposes too. Sewing machine needles are readily available in the market at a very affordable price; they do not make your pocket heavy.
- Most asked questions:
Q.1 How to Choose Sewing Machine Needles?
Ans. Always go for the below-mentioned points, while choosing a sewing machine needles
- For lighter fabric use a small size sewing needle
- For heavy fabric use a large size sewing needle
- While using delicate thread use small size needle
- If the needle is finer than the sewing machine needle, then it will not easily pass through
Q.2 Causes of damaging needlepoint
Ans. Needles damage due to:
- Heating in the throat plate
- Choose the improper size of the needle
- Choose the improper type of needle
Q.3 Needle size expression
Ans. Needle size:
Have a blade diameter; it can use many times
- Needle size = Blade dia in mm X 100
- = 0.8 mm X 100
- =80 Nm
Q.4 Functions of Different Components of a Needle
- To create a hole in any fabric
- To make a loop
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